Sigmund Freud | Wikipedia audio article

July 21, 2021 Off By admin



This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article:
Sigmund Freud

00:02:30 1 Biography
00:02:39 1.1 Early life and education
00:05:51 1.2 Early career and marriage
00:10:31 1.3 Development of psychoanalysis
00:15:13 1.4 Relationship with Fliess
00:18:54 1.5 Early followers
00:27:10 1.5.1 Resignations from the IPA
00:30:30 1.6 Early psychoanalytic movement
00:34:46 1.7 Patients
00:36:01 1.8 Cancer
00:37:16 1.9 Escape from Nazism
00:42:50 1.10 Death
00:45:01 2 Ideas
00:45:09 2.1 Early work
00:49:22 2.2 Seduction theory
00:52:35 2.3 Cocaine
00:54:26 2.4 The Unconscious
00:57:23 2.5 Dreams
00:58:50 2.6 Psychosexual development
01:00:27 2.7 Id, ego, and super-ego
01:02:14 2.8 Life and death drives
01:04:44 2.9 Melancholia
01:05:32 2.10 Femininity and female sexuality
01:07:31 2.11 Religion
01:09:57 3 Legacy
01:10:06 3.1 Psychotherapy
01:17:18 3.2 Science
01:23:53 3.3 Philosophy
01:28:54 3.4 Literature and literary criticism
01:29:36 3.5 Feminism
01:33:24 4 Works
01:33:32 4.1 Books
01:35:12 4.2 Case histories
01:36:02 4.3 Papers on sexuality
01:37:28 4.4 Autobiographical papers
01:37:52 4.5 The Standard Edition
01:41:15 5 Correspondence
01:45:17 6 See also

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“The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing.”
– Socrates

SUMMARY
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Sigmund Freud ( FROYD; German: [ˈziːkmʊnt ˈfʁɔʏt]; born Sigismund Schlomo Freud; 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst.Freud was born to Galician Jewish parents in the Moravian town of Freiberg, in the Austrian Empire. He qualified as a doctor of medicine in 1881 at the University of Vienna. Upon completing his habilitation in 1885, he was appointed a docent in neuropathology and became an affiliated professor in 1902. Freud lived and worked in Vienna, having set up his clinical practice there in 1886. In 1938 Freud left Austria to escape the Nazis. He died in exile in the United Kingdom in 1939.
In creating psychoanalysis, Freud developed therapeutic techniques such as the use of free association and discovered transference, establishing its central role in the analytic process. Freud’s redefinition of sexuality to include its infantile forms led him to formulate the Oedipus complex as the central tenet of psychoanalytical theory. His analysis of dreams as wish-fulfillments provided him with models for the clinical analysis of symptom formation and the underlying mechanisms of repression. On this basis Freud elaborated his theory of the unconscious and went on to develop a model of psychic structure comprising id, ego and super-ego. Freud postulated the existence of libido, a sexualised energy with which mental processes and structures are invested and which generates erotic attachments, and a death drive, the source of compulsive repetition, hate, aggression and neurotic guilt. In his later works, Freud developed a wide-ranging interpretation and critique of religion and culture.
Though in overall decline as a diagnostic and clinical practice, psychoanalysis remains influential within psychology, psychiatry, and psychotherapy, and across the humanities. It thus continues to generate extensive and highly contested debate with regard to its therapeutic efficacy, its scientific status, and whether it advances or is detrimental to the feminist cause. Nonetheless, Freud’s work has suffused contemporary Western thought and popular culture. In the words of W. H. Auden’s 1940 poetic tribute, by the time of Freud’s death, he had become “a whole climate of opinion / under whom we conduct our different lives.”

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